One week into his term, President Trump issued his first Executive Order to ban people from seven pre-dominantly Muslim countries for 90 day and all refugees for 120 days. After mass panic, this first attempt was blocked by the lower courts. The administration followed this order up by a second attempt in March – removing Iraq from the list of seven countries and clarified issues brought up by the first order. This attempt was also blocked by the lower courts for constitutional and statutory grounds.
On Monday, June 26, 2017, the Supreme Court allowed for parts of the travel ban to go into effect, leading into oral arguments to be heard on this matter in the fall.
This ban is to go into effect for foreign nationals from the six countries (Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen) who do not hold a “bona-fide” relationship with any person or entity in the United States. Bona-fide relationship or formal relationships include those coming in on a student visa or employees who have accepted a job offer with a company in the US. This ban will stop foreign national from these six countries from entering the US for 90 days, (with the noted exception).
This ban could take effect in as little as 72 hours with the potential to cause a similar chaos to the original ban in January.
At this time, the Department of Homeland Security has issued a statement that it will discuss the court’s action with the Justice and State Departments and will proceed with implementation of the ban in a professional manner and provide “clear and sufficient public notice” to the affected foreign nationals.
With regards to the Refugees, unless they can prove a concrete connection to the United States and hardship, they may not be able to gain the refugee status in the US.